Matchmaker Paxos

"Matchmaker Paxos: A Reconfigurable Consensus Protocol" Michael Whittaker, Neil Giridharan, Adriana Szekeres, Joseph M. Hellerstein, Heidi Howard, Faisal Nawab, Ion Stoica.

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Abstract

State machine replication protocols, like MultiPaxos and Raft, are at the heart of nearly every strongly consistent distributed database. To tolerate machine failures, these protocols must replace failed machines with live machines, a process known as reconfiguration. Reconfiguration has become increasingly important over time as the need for frequent reconfiguration has grown. Despite this, reconfiguration has largely been neglected in the literature. In this paper, we present Matchmaker Paxos and Matchmaker MultiPaxos, a reconfigurable consensus and state machine replication protocol respectively. Our protocols can perform a reconfiguration with little to no impact on the latency or throughput of command processing; they can perform a reconfiguration in one round trip (theoretically) and a few milliseconds (empirically); they provide a number of theoretical insights; and they present a framework that can be generalized to other replication protocols in a way that previous reconfiguration techniques can not. We provide proofs of correctness for the protocols and optimizations, and present empirical results from an open source implementation.